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碳纤维及复合材料产业发展面临的机遇与挑战

发布时间:2021-08-28发布人:浏览: 次
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摘  本文介绍了国内外高性能碳纤维、碳纤维增强树脂基复合材料、复合材料制造技术等发展现状及未来发展趋势,总结了国内碳纤维树脂基复合材料产业发展存在的问题,分析了国内碳纤维树脂基复合材料产业发展的需求,提出了碳纤维树脂基复合材料重点发展方向。

关键词:快三平台碳纤维;树脂基复合材料;复合材料产业;发展现状;发展方向


TANXIANWEISHUZHIJIFUHECAILIAO,TEBIESHITANXIANWEIZENGQIANGSHUZHIJIJIEGOUFUHECAILIAO,SHIYILEISHEJIHANGKONGHANGTIAN、XINNENGYUAN、CHELIANGJIGUIDAOJIAOTONG、HAIYANGGONGCHENGDENGLINGYUFAZHANDEGUANJIANCAILIAO。CONG“SHISANWU”ZHI2035NIAN,WOGUOTANXIANWEISHUZHIJIFUHECAILIAOCHANYEZHENGCHUYUCONGFAZHANZHUANGDAXIANGCHANYECHENGSHUQIGUODU,MAIXIANGCHANYEZHONGGAODUANDEGUANJIANSHIQI。ZAIJUDADESHICHANGXUQIUQIANYINXIA,TANXIANWEISHUZHIJIFUHECAILIAOCHANYEDEFAZHANJIANGYOUGUANGKUODEFAZHANKONGJIAN,DANTONGSHIYEMIANLINYANJUNDEGUOJIJINGZHENG,HUANJINGBAOHUDENGFANGMIANDEYALI,TIAOZHANHEJIYUGONGCUN。

MUQIANGUONEITANXIANWEISHUZHIJIFUHECAILIAOZHIZAOGONGYIZHUANGBEILUOHOU,ZIDONGHUACHENGDUDI,DAGUIMOGONGYEHUASHENGCHANCHENGTAOGONGYIYUZHUANGBEIYANFANENGLIBUZU;TANXIANWEIGAODUANCHANPINQUEFA,ZHONGDIDUANCHANPINCHENGBENJUGAOBUXIA;FUHECAILIAOSHEJIYUYINGYONGSHUIPINGBUGAO,JISHUFAZHANQUEFADINGCENGSHEJI,KUAXUEKEZONGHESHEJINENGLIBUZU,ZHEIXIEYICHENGWEIZUAIGUONEIGAOXINGNENGFUHECAILIAOJINBUDEZHONGYAOYUANYIN。MEIGUOYIZHISHICHANQUANHEGUOJIAANQUANWEIYOUZHIZAODEZHONGMEIMAOYIMOCADENGMAOYIBAOHUZHUYITAITOUDEDAHUANJINGXIA,TANXIANWEISHUZHIJIFUHECAILIAODEFAZHANBUNENGYIKAOJIEJIANGUOWAIJISHUHEJINGYAN,BIXUJIANCHIYIWOWEIZHU,ZHONGDIANZHICHI,CAINENGSHIXIANZIZHUKEKONG。

1 碳纤维树脂基复合材料产业化技术发展现状

1.1碳纤维向高性能和低成本双向快速发展,美国、日本等仍然控制碳纤维核心技术和市场

快三平台TU1SHIQUANQIUBUTONGTANXIANWEICHANGSHANGDESHENGCHANNENGLI。RIBEN3JIAQIYE,DONGLI、DONGBANGHESANLINGLIYANGDETANXIANWEIYUEZHANQUANQIU70%~80%DESHICHANGFENE,QIZHONGDONGLIGONGSICHANNENGZUIDA,PINZHONGGUIGEZUIQIQUAN,CHANPINXINGNENGZUIHAO,SHIQUANQIUZUIDADETANXIANWEIGONGYINGSHANG。


全球不同碳纤维厂商的生产能力.jpg 

图1 全球不同碳纤维厂商的生产能力

ZAITANXIANWEIGUIMOSHENGCHANDETONGSHI,TANXIANWEICHANGSHANGBUDUANQIANGHUATISHENGTANXIANWEIDEXINGNENG,GAOXINGNENGHUAJINZHANMINGXIAN。2014NIANRIBENDONGLIGONGSIYANZHICHENGGONGT1100GTANXIANWEI,LASHENQIANGDUDADAO6.6GPa,DANXINGMOLIANGDADAO324GPa;2015NIANMEIGUOHESHIGONGSIYANZHICHENGGONGLASHENQIANGDUDADAO5.8GPa,DANXINGMOLIANGDADAO375GPaDETANXIANWEI。2018NIANRIBENDONGLIGONGSITONGGUOYANGEKONGZHINAMIJISHIMOJINGTIJIEGOU,JINYIBUJIANGTANXIANWEILASHENQIANGDUHEMOLIANGTONGSHITIGAO,XINTUICHUDETORAYCAM40XTANXIANWEIDEKANGLAQIANGDUJIAOM40JTIGAOLEYUE30%,TONGSHIBAOCHIYUM40JXIANGDANGDELASHENMOLIANG。GAOXINGNENGTANXIANWEIZHULIUSHENGCHANJISHURENGCHUYURIMEILONGDUANJUMIAN。

 日本东丽公司的碳纤维性能.jpg

图2 日本东丽公司的碳纤维性能

GUONEIGAOXINGNENGTANXIANWEIZHIBEIYUYINGYONGJISHUQUDELEZHONGDATUPO,JIBENZHANGWOLEGAOXINGNENGTANXIANWEIYANZHIHESHENGCHANDEHEXINJISHU,CHANPINZHILIANGBUDUANTIGAO,GAOPINZHIT300/T700JITANXIANWEIMANZUGUOFANGYINGYONGXUQIU,T800、M40、M40JHEM55JYITUPOGONGCHENGHUAZHIBEIJISHU,ZHENGZAIJINXINGYINGYONGKAOHEYANZHENG。

快三平台2019NIANGUONEITANXIANWEICHANNENGDADAO26000DUN,CHANNENGZAI3000DUNYISHANGYOU4JIAGONGSI,CHANYEJIZHONGDUZAIJIASU,4JIAQIANDUNJITANXIANWEIQIYEDECHANNENGYIJINGZHANDAOQUANGUOZONGCHANNENGDE75%。2019NIANGUONEITANXIANWEIZONGXIAOLIANGDAYUESHI12000DUN,XIAOLIANG/CHANNENGBIWEI45%,ERGUOJIQITATANXIANWEICHANGJIADEXIAOLIANG/CHANNENGBIDADAO75%YISHANG。SUIRANGUONEITANXIANWEIXIAOLIANG/CHANNENGBIBUGAO,CHANNENGDEBUDAOCHONGFENSHIFANG,DANGUONEITANXIANWEIDEKUOCHANYUANYIRENGRANQIANGLIE,KUOCHANGUIMODA。TU3WEIGUONEITANXIANWEIDECHANNENGFENBU,BUTONGTANXIANWEICHANGSHANGDEKUOCHANJIHUAJIANTU7。

2019年国内碳纤维产能分布.jpg

图3 2019年国内碳纤维产能分布

 

1.2 航空航天复合材料技术进入成熟期,风电和交通领域应用为碳纤维复合材料产业注入了新的活力

TANXIANWEIFUHECAILIAOSHIFUHECAILIAOCHANYEDEJISHUHEJIAZHIHEXIN,2019NIANSHIJIETANXIANWEIFUHECAILIAONIANYONGLIANGYUE16WANDUN,SHICHANGZONGJIAZHIYUE170YIMEIYUAN。TANXIANWEIFUHECAILIAOYONGLIANGPAIMINGQIANSIDEFENBIESHIFENGDIAN(YUE26%)、HANGKONGHANGTIAN(YUE23%)、TIYUXIUXIAN(YUE14%)HEQICHE(YUE11%)。TANXIANWEIFUHECAILIAOXIAOSHOUSHOURUPAIMINGQIANSIDEFENBIEWEIHANGKONGHANGTIAN(YUE63%)、TIYUXIUXIAN(YUE15%)、QICHE(YUE6%)HEFENGDIAN(YUE4%)。

2019年全球不同领域碳纤维复合材料用量及销售收入.jpg 

图4 2019年全球不同领域碳纤维复合材料用量及销售收入

ZAIQUANQIUHANGKONGHANGTIANTANXIANWEIFUHECAILIAOSHICHANGZHONG,DAXINGSHANGYONGFEIJIYINGYONGZHANJULE67%,ZHIXIANFEIJI12%,ZHISHENGFEIJIYUE6%,JUNJI12%。DAXINGSHANGYONGFEIJIDEGAOCHANLIANGHEFUHECAILIAOGAOSHIYONGBILI,SHIQIFUHECAILIAODEXUQIULIANGZHANJUEDADUOSHUSHICHANGFENE,SUIZHEDALIANGCAIYONGFUHECAILIAODEB787HEA350FEIJIDEPILIANGSHENGCHAN,YIJIBoeingHEAirbusXILIEFEIJIDEGAIJINGAIXINGFUHECAILIAOYONGLIANGDETIGAO,ZHEIYIBILIJIANGJINYIBUDADAOHANGKONGTANXIANWEIFUHECAILIAOZONGYONGLIANGDE80%YISHANG。

航空航天碳纤维复合材料的分布情况.jpg 

图5 航空航天碳纤维复合材料的分布情况

FENGDIANHEQICHEYINGYONGWEITANXIANWEIFUHECAILIAOCHANYEZHURULEXINDEHUOLI,TUIDONGTANXIANWEIFUHECAILIAOFAZHANKUARUDAOYIGONGYEYINGYONGWEIZHUDEXINJIEDUAN。YIVestasWEIDAIBIAODEFENGDIANTANXIANWEIFUHECAILIAOSHICHANGGUIMOJIEJIN39000DUN,YIBMWi3WEIDAIBIAODEQICHEFUHECAILIAOMUQIANSHICHANGGUIMOCHAOGUO18000DUN,DANYOUYUXIANGDUIJIAOGAODEYUANCAILIAOCHENGBENJIZHIZAOCHENGBEN,TANXIANWEIFUHECAILIAOSHANGNANDABILITIDAICHUANTONGJIEGOUCAILIAO。

GUONEITANXIANWEIFUHECAILIAOZAIHANGKONGHANGTIAN、XINNENGYUAN,QICHEHEGUIDAOJIAOTONG,TIYUXIUXIAN,JIANZHUHEJICHUSHESHIDENGLINGYUYEDEDAODALIANGYINGYONG,CHANYEGUIMOXUNSUKUODA。GUONEISIDAIJIFUHECAILIAOYONGLIANGDADAO27%,DAXINGYUNSHUJIFUHECAILIAOYONGLIANGDADAO9%ZUOYOU,ZHISHENGJIFUHECAILIAOYONGLIANGDADAO42%,C919DAXINGKEJIFUHECAILIAOYONGLIANG10%ZUOYOU。2016NIANKAISHI,GUONEIMINYONGFUHECAILIAOSHENGCHANLIANGYICHAOGUODEGUO、RIBENHEMEIGUO,2019NIANTANXIANWEIFUHECAILIAOCHANLIANGDADAO5.8WANDUN,ZHANSHIJIEFUHECAILIAOCHANLIANGDE38%。YOUYUZHEIXIEYINGYONGZHUYAOWEIFENGDIANYEPIANHETIYUXIUXIAN,DABUFENCHUYUZHONGDIDUAN,QICHANZHIJINWEISHIJIEFUHECAILIAOCHANZHIDE23%ZUOYOU。

1.3 碳纤维复合材料自动化制造技术日趋普遍,美国、日本、法国、德国等发达国家成为航空航天复合材料的制造强国和大国

SUIZHETANXIANWEISHUZHIJIFUHECAILIAOZAIHANGKONGLINGYUDEGUANGFANYINGYONG,FUHECAILIAOZHIZAOGONGYIXIANGDUOYUANHUAHEZIDONGHUAKUAISUFAZHAN,FUHECAILIAOCHENGXINGGONGYICONGCHUQIDESHOUHUHESHOUGONGPUTIEGONGYIFAZHANDAOGUANGFANYINGYONGZIDONGPUFANGJISHU。2016NIANFUHECAILIAOGOUJIANZIDONGHUAZHIZAOBILIDADAO50%。YILAODONGQIANGDUDA、GUOCHENGKEKONGXINGCHA、WURANYANZHONGWEITEDIANDESHOUHUGONGYIYIJINGJIBENXIAOSHI,YILAODONGLIMIJIWEITEDIANDESHOUGONGPUTIEGONGYIYEYIJINGJIANSHAOZHI30%。

复合材料成型工艺方法的发展过程.jpg

图6 复合材料成型工艺方法的发展过程

 

20NIANQIANYOUYULAODONGLICHENGBENYINSU,YILAODONGMIJIWEITEDIANDEFUHECAILIAOZHIZAOYECENGYOUXIANGZHONGGUO、MALAIXIYADENGFAZHANZHONGGUOJIAZHUANYIDEQUSHIYIJINGBUFUCUNZAI,MEIGUO、RIBEN、FAGUO、DEGUODENGFADAGUOJIACHENGDANLE80%ZUOYOUHANGKONGHANGTIANFUHECAILIAOGOUJIANDEZHIZAO,JIXUBAOCHIHANGKONGHANGTIANFUHECAILIAODEZHIZAODAGUOHEQIANGGUODIWEI。

GUONEITANXIANWEISHUZHIJIFUHECAILIAOJINGGUO30DUONIANDEFAZHAN,JIANLILEFUHECAILIAOYANFAPINGTAIHEZHIZAOJIDI,YANZHIDEHUANYANG、SHUANGMAHEJUXIANYAANDENGFUHECAILIAOMANZUHANGKONGHANGTIANLINGYUDEYINGYONGXUQIU,FAZHANLERERONGYUJINLIAOHEREYAGUANCHENGXING、XIANWEICHANRAOCHENGXING、SHUZHICHUANDIMOSU(ResinTransferMolding,RTM)CHENGXINGGONGYIJISHU,ZIDONGPUDAIHEZIDONGPUSI、YUJINLIAOZIDONGLAJIDENGXIANJINGAOXIAODEGONGYIJISHUYEKAISHIDEDAOYINGYONG。

2 国内碳纤维树脂基复合材料产业化技术发展存在的问题

2.1碳纤维研发和生产企业技术积累不够,碳纤维高端产品缺乏,中低端产品成本居高不下,缺乏国际竞争力

GUOCHANTANXIANWEIFAZHANYIGENZONGFANGZHIMOSHIWEIZHU,ZIZHUCHUANGXINNENGLIBUZU。GUOCHANTANXIANWEIGAODUANCHANPINQUEFA,MUQIANGUONEIZHIYOUGUOCHANT800JITANXIANWEIJINRUGONGCHENGHUAYINGYONGYANZHENGJIEDUAN,GENGGAOXINGNENGDET1100GTANXIANWEI、TORAYCAM40XTANXIANWEIHAICHUYUGENZONGYANFAJIEDUAN;ZHONGDIDUANCHANPINCHENGBENJUGAOBUXIA,YUHANGJIT300、T700JIGUOCHANTANXIANWEIJIAGEGUOWAIZAI1000YUANRENMINBI/kgYINEI,GUONEIZAI3000-4000YUANRENMINBI/kg,QUEFAGUOJIJINGZHENGLI。YIFANGMIANGUOCHANTANXIANWEICHANNENGNANYIDABIAO,LINGYIFANGMIANYOUYUXINGJIABIDIDEYUANYIN,GUONEISHUZHIJIFUHECAILIAOYONGTANXIANWEIRENGXUDALIANGJINKOU。SHEZUTANXIANWEIYANZHISHENGCHANDEDANWEISHULIANGDUO,DISHUIPINGWUXUKUOZHANGYUYANYULIE,CHANYEXIANRUTOURUYILAIXIANJING,ZHENZHENGJUYOUJINGZHENGLIHEKECHIXUJIANKANGFAZHANDETANXIANWEILONGTOUCHANYESHANGWEIXINGCHENG。TU7WEIGUONEIJINQITANXIANWEIQIYEDEKUOCHANJIHUA。

不同碳纤维厂商的扩产计划.jpg 

图7 不同碳纤维厂商的扩产计划

2.2 碳纤维树脂基复合材料制造工艺装备落后,自动化程度低,大规模工业化生产成套工艺与装备研发能力不足

GUONEITANXIANWEISHUZHIJIFUHECAILIAOJIEGOUYINGYONGYIGENZONGTIDAIWEIZHU,ZIZHUSHEJIYINGYONGNENGLIJIAORUO,ZIDONGHUACHENGXINGGONGYIDEYINGYONGBILIBUZU20%。FUHECAILIAOSHEJIHEGONGYIJISHULUOHOUSHIFUHECAILIAOXINGNENGLISANDA、JIANZHONGXIAOLVHECHENGPINLVDI、CHENGBENGAO,YIJINGCHENGWEIZHIYUEFUHECAILIAOYINGYONGDETUCHUWENTI。

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2.3 碳纤维树脂基复合材料设计与应用水平不高,高端领域应用前景不明

GUONEITANXIANWEISHUZHIJIFUHECAILIAOYINGYONGSHUIPINGYUFADAGUOJIACUNZAIMINGXIANDECHAJU。GUOWAIYANZHIDEB787、A350DENGDAXINGKEJIFUHECAILIAOYONGLIANGDADAOLE50%YISHANG。GUONEIYANZHIDEARJ21ZHIXIANKEJIFUHECAILIAOYONGLIANGBUZU2%,ZHENGZAIYANZHIDEC919FUHECAILIAOYONGLIANGJINDA10%ZUOYOU,QIEDABUFENGOUJIANZHUYAOZHIJIECONGGUOWAIJINKOUYUJINLIAOZHIZAOSHENGCHAN。SHUZHIJIFUHECAILIAOZAIDAXINGKEJIDENGMINYONGHANGKONGLINGYUNANYIXINGCHENGGUIMO。

SUIRANGUONEIMINYONGSHUZHIJIFUHECAILIAOSHENGCHANLIANGYICHAOGUODEGUO、RIBENHEMEIGUO,2019NIANZHANSHIJIEFUHECAILIAOCHANLIANGDE38%,DANZHEIXIEYINGYONGZHUYAOCHUYUZHONGDIDUAN,FUJIAZHIDI。TANXIANWEISHUZHIJIFUHECAILIAOQUEFAGAODUANMINYONGLINGYUDEQIANYIN,GAODUANFUHECAILIAOCHANYEQIANJINGBUMING。

3 国内碳纤维树脂基复合材料产业发展面临的发展机遇

3.1 GUONEITANXIANWEISHUZHIJIFUHECAILIAOFAZHANXUQIU

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3.2 国内碳纤维树脂基复合材料产业发展重点

(1)GUONEITANXIANWEISHUZHIJIFUHECAILIAODEFAZHANMUBIAOTANXIANWEI

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(2)GUONEITANXIANWEISHUZHIJIFUHECAILIAOJISHUFAZHANZHONGDIAN

a.碳纤维技术发展重点:

1)CHUANGXINKAIZHANGAOXINGNENGTANXIANWEIDEYANFA,JIANLIJUYOUZHONGGUOTESEDEGAOXINGNENGTANXIANWEIJISHUYUCHANPINTIXI,SHIXIANTANXIANWEIXINGNENGDADAOHUOCHAOGUOTORAYCAMXXILIE,SHIXIANCONGGENZONGDAOCHAOYUEDEKUAYUE。

2)TUPODICHENGBENTANXIANWEIZHIBEIGUANJIANSHEBEIHEGONGYIJISHU,JIANLIQIANDUNNAIZHIWANDUNJIDICHENGBENTANXIANWEISHENGCHANXIAN,CHANPINXINGNENGFUHELASHENQIANGDU2.8GPa、LASHENMOLIANG280GPaHEDUANLIESHENZHANGLV1%GUOJIBIAOZHUN,CHANPINJIAGEJUYOUGUOJIJINGZHENGLI,ZHICHENGTANXIANWEIFUHECAILIAOZAIGUIDAOJIAOTONG、XINNENGYUANDENGZHANLVEXINGXINXINGCHANYEDEYINGYONG。

快三平台3)GAOQIANGZHONGMOGAORENTANXIANWEI(T800JI)FUHECAILIAOTONGGUOZAIWUQIZHUANGBEIHEGUOCHANDAXINGKEJIDENGDEYINGYONGKAOHEYANZHENG,SHIXIANT800JITANXIANWEIFUHECAILIAOZAIHANGKONGZHUANGBEIDENGPILIANGYINGYONG。

b.复合材料技术发展重点:

1)QUANMIANTUPOFUHECAILIAOZIDONGPUFANGZHUANGBEIHEZHIZAOJISHU,JIANLIWANZHENGDEXIANJINFUHECAILIAOZIDONGHUAZHIZAOJISHUTIXI,SHIXIANFUHECAILIAOZIDONGPUFANGZHUANGBEIDEZIZHUZHIZAO,DAXINGFUHECAILIAOGOUJIANZIDONGHUAZHIBEIJISHUYINGYONGBILITIGAODAO60%YISHANG。

2)TUPOGAOXINGNENGRESUXINGFUHECAILIAOYUJINLIAOHEYUANWEIGUJIECHENGXINGJISHU、RESUXINGFUHECAILIAOYUANWEIFANYINGCHENGXINGJISHU,SHIXIANGAOXINGNENGRESUXINGFUHECAILIAOZAIHANGKONGZHUANGBEIHECHELIANGDEPILIANGYINGYONG。

3)FAZHANZHENKONGZHUANGTAIXIAMOJUZHIJIEJIAREDEXINXINGFEIREYAGUANGUHUAGONGYI,SHIXIANGUHUANENGHAOHEGUHUAGONGYICHENGBENJIANGDI50%YISHANG,GAISHANFUHECAILIAOLINGJIANDEGUHUAJUNYUNXINGHEGUHUABIANXING,KAIQIGAOXIAODICHENGBENSHUZHIJIFUHECAILIAOSHIDAI。

快三平台4)ZHONGDIANFAZHAN1~5minKUAISUGUHUA、GAOYARTM、KUAISUREYADENGDICHENGBENFUHECAILIAOZHIBEIDANYUANGONGYIJISHU,JIANLIJIYUFANGZHIJIJINGLUNYUANSIDICHENGBENTANXIANWEIFUHECAILIAOKUAISUZHIZAOJISHU,SHIXIANZAIQICHE、FENGDIANDENGLINGYUGUIMOYINGYONGDECHANYEJIQUN。

5)FAZHANTANXIANWEIFUHECAILIAOGAOXIAOHUISHOUJISHUHEHUISHOUTANXIANWEIZAILIYONGJISHU,JIANLITANXIANWEIFUHECAILIAOHUISHOUZAILIYONGZHUANYONGZHUANGBEI,SHIXIANTANXIANWEIFUHECAILIAOGUIMOHUAHUISHOULIYONG,ZHICHENGTANXIANWEIFUHECAILIAOZAIXINNENGYUANHEJIAOTONGDENGLINGYUGUIMOYINGYONGHELVSEFAZHAN。

(3)GUONEITANXIANWEISHUZHIJIFUHECAILIAOFAZHANZHANLVEZHONGDIAN

快三平台1)XINGCHENGTANXIANWEILONGTOUSHENGCHANQIYE,JUYOUGUIMOSHENGCHANXILIEGAOXINGNENGTANXIANWEIHEDICHENGBENTANXIANWEIDENENGLI。GAOXINGNENGTANXIANWEIXINGNENGDADAOHUOCHAOGUOTORAYCAMXXILIE,SHIXIANCONGGENZONGDAOLINGXIANDEKUAYUE;DICHENGBENTANXIANWEIXINGNENGDADAOGUOJIBIAOZHUN,JIAGEJUYOUGUOJIJINGZHENGLI。FENBIEJIANLIGAOXINGNENGTANXIANWEIHEDICHENGBENTANXIANWEIQIANDUNJIHEWANDUNJISHENGCHANXIAN,CHENGWEIGUOJITANXIANWEIZUIZHUYAOGONGYINGSHANGZHIYI。

快三平台2)JIANLITANXIANWEIFUHECAILIAOLIANHEYANFAZHONGXIN,FAZHANTANXIANWEIFUHECAILIAOXINXINGCHENGXINGJISHUHEGONGYIZHUANGBEI,GAOXINGNENGJIEGOUFUHECAILIAOHEJIEGOUGONGNENGYITIHUAFUHECAILIAO,YINLINGWEILAIFUHECAILIAOJISHUDEFAZHAN。

快三平台3)JIANLITANXIANWEIFUHECAILIAOYINGYONGCHANYELIANMENG,SHIXIANHANGKONGHANGTIANFUHECAILIAO,FENGDIANFUHECAILIAO,CHELIANGHEGUIDAOJIAOTONGFUHECAILIAO,HAIYANGGONGCHENGFUHECAILIAODEYANFAYUGUIMOSHENGCHAN,XINGCHENGHANGKONGHANGTIANFUHECAILIAOSHICHANGGUIMO3000DUN/NIAN,FENGDIANHEGUIDAOJIAOTONGDENGFUHECAILIAOSHICHANGGUIMO30000DUN/NIAN,CHENGWEIQUANQIUFUHECAILIAOZUIZHUYAOSHENGCHANJIDI。

4 结束语

快三平台TANXIANWEIFUHECAILIAOCHANYEDEKUAISU、GUIMOHUAFAZHAN,XUYAOXIANJINWANZHENGDEFUHECAILIAOCHANYEJISHUTIXIHEGONGYIZHUANGBEIDEZHICHENG。YINGZHONGDIANFAZHANTANXIANWEIDAGUIMOGONGYEHUASHENGCHANCHENGTAOGONGYIYUZHUANGBEIJISHU,TUPOTANXIANWEIXINGNENGTISHENGHECHENGBENKONGZHIJISHU,SHIXIANGUIMOHUASHENGCHAN,MANZUGUONEIFUHECAILIAOFAZHANDUITANXIANWEIDEXUQIUBINGCANYUGUOJIJINGZHENG。FAZHANFUHECAILIAOZIDONGHUAZHIZAOHECHENGTAOZHUANGBEIJISHU,TISHENGFUHECAILIAOJISHUHEZHUANGBEISHILI,JIANLIXIANJINWANZHENGDEFUHECAILIAOCHANYEJISHUTIXI。

ZHONGDIANTUPOFENGDIAN,CHELIANGHEGUIDAOJIAOTONGDENGTANXIANWEIFUHECAILIAOGUIMOHUADICHENGBENYINGYONGJISHU,SHIXIANTANXIANWEIFUHECAILIAOZAIGAODUANMINYONGLINGYUDEGUIMOHUAYINGYONG,ZHENZHENGBATANXIANWEIFUHECAILIAOCHANYEZUOQIANGZUODA。

快三平台TANXIANWEIFUHECAILIAOCHANYEDECHIXU、JIANKANGFAZHAN,XUYAOYOUDALIANGDEZHUANYERENCAIZHICHENG。YITUOXIANGGUANGAOXIAOWANSHANXUEKESHEZHI,SHIDANGJIAQIANGJIXIE、FANGZHI、GAOFENZI、CAILIAODENGZHUANYERONGHE,JIAQIANGKUAZHUANYEFUHEXINGRENCAIPEIYANG,ZAIZHONGDIANQIYEJIANLIQIYEJISHUZHONGXINHEZHONGDIANSHIYANSHIDENGGAOSHUIPINGKAIFANGYANJIUPINGTAI,JIANLIYOUXIAODEJILIJIZHIYUHELIYOUXUDERENCAILIUDONGJIZHI,CUJINRENCAIDEKUAISUCHENGZHANG,MANZUFUHECAILIAOCHANYECHIXUFAZHANDUIRENCAIDEXUQIU。

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文章来源于《复合材料学报》 

作者:邢丽英、冯志海、包建文、礼嵩明


关键词:碳纤维基复合材料 复合材料 碳纤维

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